Nations agree on guidelines to govern 2015 climate accord
18 December, 2018, 14:59 | Author: Dwayne Harmon
Negotiators at an global United Nations climate change conference in the southern Polish city of Katowice have adopted a final declaration after two weeks of debate.
Nearly 200 nations, including the world's top greenhouse gas producers, China and the United States, have adopted a set of rules meant to breathe life into the 2015 Paris climate accord by setting out how countries should report their emissions and efforts to reduce them.
The meeting in Poland's southern city of Katowice was meant to finalize how countries report their emissions of greenhouses gases - a key factor in man-made climate change - and the efforts they're taking to reduce them.
The deal agreed upon at United Nations climate talks in Poland enables countries to put into action the principles in the 2015 Paris climate accord. "To avoid risky warming, countries need to ratchet up their ambition dramatically, which will only happen if countries have clarity about what others are committing to, and confidence that they are meeting those commitments".
"Through this package, you have made a thousand little steps forward together", said Michal Kurtyka, a senior Polish official who led the talks.
"One of those key rules - which is the bedrock of carbon markets - is no double counting of emissions reductions".
"We must make sure that the earth remains inhabitable", Ms Schulze said. And so the US was represented in the Poland talks and, at one point, made a presentation on the benefits of fossil fuels.
Speaking from Katowice, Poland, Tobiko confirmed that the negotiators had finally managed to reach what he described as a "robust" set of implementing guidelines for the landmark 2015 Paris Agreement.
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A recent report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concluded that while it would be possible to cap global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius by the end of the century compared to pre-industrial times, this would require a dramatic overhaul of the global economy, including a shift away from fossil fuels. The decisions were "1,000 small steps forward", he said.
"Those rules, known as the 'transparency framework, ' are vital to the success of the Paris Agreement".
The secretary-general's summit "is now positioned as a critical juncture for world leaders to articulate how their next national climate plans will respond to dire warnings of the latest IPCC report", said Helen Mountford, vice-president of the Washington-based environmental think tank World Resources Institute.
The Malaysian delegation called for more money to flow from countries like the USA - the world's largest economy and the second largest polluter - to help pay for damage caused by climate change, saying, "We owe this to the poor and vulnerable who are paying sometimes with their lives in our part of the world".
Chile will host the UN's next climate conference in December 2019 or January 2020, the country's Environment Ministry announced on Friday.
Richer countries must explain how they intend to help poorer nations cut down on emissions as well as install more clean energy or build resilience against natural disasters.
Admitting stalemates during the negotiations over accounting of climate actions, Espinosa said: "From the beginning of the COP, it very quickly became clear that this was one area that still required much work and that the details to operationalise this part of the Paris Agreement had not yet been sufficiently explored".
Greenhouse gas emissions need to drop by about 60 percent from current levels by 2030 to stay on a 1.5-degree path.
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